What times exist in French
What times exist in French
In French there are about 20times. According to the established tradition, grammarians distinguish the following categories of the verb: time, inclination, voice, face and number. In form, French verbs are simple and complex. Simple forms transmit time values, but do not date the event. Forms are formed by changing the ending. The auxiliary verbs avoir and être are involved in the formation of complex forms.
You will need
- A grammar reference in which there are tablesConjugations of verbs I, II, III groups, a list of irregular verbs and other useful information, a bi-linguistic dictionary and Internet access to online lessons.
Consider the view-time system of the Frenchlanguage on the example of the verb I group parler. This group is the most numerous, about 4000 verbs. In the present tense - présent - the verb conjugates simply: je parle, tu parles, il / elle parle, nous parlons, vous parlez, ils / ells parlent. Learn the endings and speak!
To tell someone about something in the past tense, use the times imparfait, passé composé and plus-que-parfait.
Imparfait is time unfinished andSimple by education. In this time the verb answers the question "what did?". In French it sounds like this: je parlais, tu parlais, il / elle parlait, nous parlion, vous parliez, ils / elles parlaient. You need to learn the endings.
Passé composé - time passed is over,Responding to the question "what did?". The verbs of group I conjugate with the verb avoir. To speak correctly, you need to learn the conjugation of this auxiliary verb and add to it the past participle of the conjugated verb. After that we calmly conjugate: j`ai parlé, tu as parlé, il / elle a parlé, nous avons parlé, vous avez parlé, ils / ells ont parlé.
Time plus-que-parfait serves the purpose of reconciliationTimes in a complex sentence, when one action occurred before the other. For example, "When I spoke with Misha, you called me." To say the same thing in French, use the auxiliary verb in the past simple time - imparfait and the past participle of the conjugated verb. It turns out - Quand j`avais parlé avec Misha, vous m`appelaient. However, we enlist the entire chain for a complete understanding: j`avais parlé, tu avais parlé, il / ell avait parlé, nous avions parlé, vous aviez parlé, ils / ells avaient parlé.
Future time - futur simple - in Frenchlanguage has a simple form. Simplicity is also in the fact that we add the endings directly to the initial form of the verb - the infinitive. We learn the endings and say: jé parlerai, tu parleras, il / elle parlera, nous parlerons, vous parlerez, ila / elles parleront.