Sphagnum moss: description, life cycle, application

Sphagnum moss: description, life cycle, application



In marshy areas and areas with high humidity and shade, it's hard not to notice bright green moss rugs. In the forest zone, sphagnum moss is widespread, which is translated from Greek as "sponge".





Sphagnum moss: description, life cycle, application

















Moss sphagnum. Description

In the process of plant growth, it formserect unbranched shoots, gathering in dense turfs like pillows. Their height is small - usually no higher than 5-6 centimeters. As such, the sphagnum has no stalk, it is replaced by phyllidia and caulidia. Between these elements of the plant there are cracks that literally absorb the water and salt that mosses need for life. Phyllidia consist of only one cell layer. The third element of sphagnum is that the rhizoids are the roots of the plant. These strongly branching thin strings suck water from the soil. What is characteristic of sphagnum, rhizoids with time cease to absorb liquid and play only the role of support for the plant.

Moss sphagnum. Life cycle

As with all vascular representativesthe sphagnum, the alternation of the sexual generation (gametophyte) with asexual (sporophyte) occurs. A photosynthetic green plant is a gametophyte. He has male and female gametes, which generate a sporophyte, which appears from a zygote - a fertilized egg. Sporophytes - spore generation are not separated and remain with the gametophyte, feeding on it. Each cell has a double set of chromosomes, in gametes - one at a time. Sporophyte develops in the process of meiosis - cell division. As a result, each dispute becomes gender-endowed again. It grows into a single gametophyte.

Moss sphagnum. Application

Sphagnum has a number of useful properties,which a person has learned to use. As far back as the 11th century, mosses began to be used in medicine as dressings, and replaced hygroscopic properties by cotton wool. Sphagnum was widely used on the battlefields during the First World War, as it quickly absorbed blood, pus and other liquids. Even now, some pharmaceutical companies produce tampons and napkins for dressings with moss content of sphagnum. The composition of the plant was found sphagnol - phenol-like compound, which has a disinfectant, bactericidal and antifungal effect. Even in sphagnum, there are humic acids with the properties of a natural antibiotic. Popular among consumers and sphagnum insoles, which help well from the foot fungus. If you have lesions of an infectious nature on the skin of the body, baths with infusions of sphagnum will help. Also, this moss is often used to fill mattresses and diapers. This is especially useful for seriously ill patients, since it allows you to fight with bedsores. Sphagnum is also used in plant growing for easier and more comfortable growing of shoots and for protecting plantations from frosts.