Tip 1: How to Pinch a Kalanchoe
Tip 1: How to Pinch a Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe - one of the most popular indoorplants. In the apartments there are several of its types. Kalanchoe is not only an exquisite decoration of the interior, but also an excellent medicine. Juice from its fleshy leaves is able to rid itself of the common cold, treats abscesses and inflammations, and one of its species has even been called "surgeon" by the people. Kalanchoe very quickly grows and does not always look like the owners would like. The crown must be formed.
You will need
- - Kalanchoe;
- - charcoal.
Observe the plant. Kalanchoe, standing on a light window, can grow very much even in a jar of water. Rapid growth is characteristic for almost all species of this plant. However, on too overgrown upper shoots, the leaves become smaller and smaller, and the shoots themselves look thin and not particularly beautiful. At the same time, plants that are very extended in height often do not have enough strength for flowering, although in fact almost all varieties of Kalanchoe bloom in apartments very willingly. Noticing such manifestations, tune into the fact that you have to pinch excess shoots. Do not be afraid of this moment, such an operation will go to the flower for good.
Do not touch the flower until its crown is dense, andthe leaves are large and beautiful. As soon as a thin, unviable top is formed, remove it. Kalanchoe perfectly tolerates such operations, the plant does not need to be specially prepared for this. Its stem is soft enough, so tear off the tip with your fingernails. The wound usually does not form. If it does appear (and this happens when the stalk is already thick enough, sprinkle it with charcoal or ash.) Ashes from a small burnt piece of paper are enough.After plucking, a pair of lateral shoots very quickly appear.
Let the shoots first grow up freely. It may very well be that no more operations are needed, and the Kalanchoe itself will retain its compact form. However, this does not always happen. New shoots can grow well at first and give excellent fleshy leaves, and at some point again become thin and ugly. Having noticed this, pinch the plant again. Do it exactly the same as with the first shoot.
Pinch the Kalanchoe in the case that the floweringthe species does not give buds for a long time. The time of pinching depends on the specific conditions. But usually the flower standing on the southern window is plucked until the end of November. If it lives on the west or east window, then you can do it at any time. On the north side, the Kalanchoe does not grow and can not bloom at all.
Tip 2: How to transplant the Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe belong to the Tolstoy family. Different species of this plant are distinguished by thick (succulent) leaves and the coloring of flowers (white, pink, red) collected in umbellate inflorescences. Kalanchoe is unpretentious in indoor culture. Once a year, this plant must be transplanted. Of course, transplanting for a plant is always a stress, so it must be done competently.
You will need
- - potty;
- - soil mixture;
- - expanded clay and clay crock for drainage;
Kalanchoe transplanted in the spring. The plant itself will show you that it's time to do it. The roots of the flower will appear through the drainage hole in the pot, the earth will condense and become poor.
Prepare a pot of a little more for the transplantdiameter, preferably ceramic and unglazed. If you purchased a new pot, then hold it for a couple of hours in the water. This will remove from the clay pores the gases that got there during roasting. If the pot was used, it should be washed with hot water and soap, and then soaked for 2-3 hours in a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Prepare fresh soil mixture: sod land, leaf earth and sand, in a ratio of 4: 2: 1. In stores you can buy already prepared soil for succulents. You will also need a shard for laying on the bottom of the pot and a bit of expanded clay.
Kalanchoe before the transplant abundantly pour. Carefully remove the flower from the old pot. Lightly shake off the old earth. Cut all the broken or excessively twisted roots. If the plant is too large, then shake the ground should not be. You can simply pass the flower with an old clod of earth into a new pot.
Good drainage is very important for Kalanchoe, soOn the bottom of the pot you need to put a few shards, then small pebbles of expanded clay and sand on top. The thickness of the drainage layer should be at least a quarter of the height of the pot, because the Kalanchoe does not tolerate stagnation of water. Pour the ground on the prepared drainage layer.
Carefully place the plant in a pot and pour the soil until it covers the roots. The soil level should be a couple of centimeters below the edge of the pot. Pour the flower and add the earth if necessary.
Tip 3: How to grow a Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe Is a plant of the Tolstyan family. In this genus there are more than two hundred species. The most popular among the florists are the Kalanchoe felt, Degremona (popularly called the "living doctor") and the beautifully blooming Kalanchoe of Blossfeld and Mangin.
Kalanchoe - The plant is not demanding. It grows well in a sunny place, it suffers direct sunlight. Although it can safely survive the lack of moisture, abundant watering yet loves.
The plant does not like the stagnation of water, so before planting, ensure it has good drainage. Soil mixture consists of leaf land, peat, sand and humus. Plant and transplant the Kalanchoe in the spring.
Propagate the plant with apical cuttings orseeds. Before planting the cuttings, dry for two days. Plant them in a moist substrate in peat or a mixture of sand and leaf land, put in a warm place. A container with cuttings should not be covered. In addition, until they take root, cut the cuttings very carefully, otherwise they can rot.
Seeds sow in the moist sand, cover with a film or glass and put this improvised hothouse in a bright place. Seedlings will appear in about one or two weeks.
The easiest way is to multiply the viviparous Kalanchoe of Degremon. His daughter plants, formed at the edges of the leaves, very easily take root and grow rapidly.
When the calanchoe reproduces by cuttings, the plant will blossom in ten months, and if it is propagated by seeds, then two months later.
Feed the Kalanchoe once a month with a special fertilizer for cacti and succulents. Leaves wipe with a damp cloth and occasionally spray. Water the plant abundantly every two weeks.
Kalanchoe - a flower of a short day. If you want to get a bloom in the winter, then you do not need to artificially shorten the light day, during this period the flowering is caused by its natural contraction. But to achieve flowering in the spring or summer, shade the plant from the sun's rays. The light day should not exceed nine hours. Also, make sure that the room temperature does not exceed twenty degrees.
Tip 4: What does the Kalanchoe look like
The birthplace of Kalanchoe - Africa and Madagascar. The plant belongs to the Tolstoyan family, it has fleshy leaves that are capable of storing moisture, like other succulents. However, among fans of indoor floriculture Kalanchoe is popular not only for decorative foliage, it is a beautiful plant with attractive flowers that blossom in winter. And some species to everything else also have medicinal properties.