Tip 1: The most titled Olympic champions of Russia
Tip 1: The most titled Olympic champions of Russia
At the end of the 19th century, a commission wasthe revival of the Olympic Games. A little later the International Olympic Committee - IOC was organized, it included the most authoritative and enterprising citizens of different countries. The first Olympics took place in the summer of 1896 in Athens.
Tip 2: The most titled winners of the Olympic Games
Receiving gold, silver or bronzemedal at the Olympic Games raises the athlete to the top of glory, he forever becomes a legend of his country. If there are several of these medals, he gets the opportunity to become a world-famous sports star and make his name in the annals of the Olympics.
Tip 3: Who are the champions by the number of Olympic gold
At first glance, nothing in common with a swimmer from the United StatesMichael Phelps, gymnast from the USSR Larisa Latynina and athlete from Finland Paavo Nurmi no. In addition, that all three are outstanding athletes. After all, they lived at different times, they did not compete with each other. But those who think so, are mistaken. It Phelps, Latynina and Nurmi top the list of world record holders in the number of gold Olympic medals, ahead of several hundred other sports stars.
Olympic phenomenaIn the history of world sports almost half a thousandathletes who returned from the summer and winter Olympic Games with three or more gold medals of champions. Almost 200 of them won at least four such awards at the Games. Seventy athletes proudly wear the title of five-time Olympic champions, 34 of them won at least six gold medals. Seventeen Olympians have seven championship titles, 12 winners have eight and more. Finally, only four - track and field athletes Karl Lewis (USA) and Paavo Nurmi (Finland), American swimmer Mark Spitz and gymnast from the USSR Larisa Latynina - are the owners of nine higher Olympic medals, behind in their number only to another phenomenal representative of American swimming - Michael Phelps. Speaking at three Olympics in a row, he won 22 awards in the pool, 18 of which turned out to be gold! This truly fantastic achievement can be considered unattainable, and even eternal. After all, the closest "persecutor" Phelps from the current athletes is the Norwegian biathlete Ule-Einar Björndalen, who after the Games in Sochi became eight gold. But in order to catch up with the American swimmer, a 40-year-old Norwegian needs to stay in the sport until at least 2022. And it's not just to play at least two more Winter Olympics, but also to win all the races there ... The position of the leaders, which definitely will not change until the Summer Olympics in 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, as none of the possible "competitors" of Michael there will be no performance, such: Phelps - 22 medals, including 18 gold, two silver and bronze, Latynina - 18 (9, 5, 4), Nurmi - 12 (9, 3, 0), Spitz - 11 (9 , 1, 1), Lewis - 10 (9, 1, 0), Bjerndalen - 13 (8, 4, 1), Nikolay Andrianov - 15 (7, 5, 3), Boris Shakhlin (both USSR, gymnastics) - 13 (7, 4, 2), Edoardo Manjaro tti (Italy, fencing) - 13 (6, 5, 2).
The Baltimore BulletSuch a nickname to a native of Baltimore in the stateMaryland Michael Fred Phelps II, as the full name of the 18-time Olympic swimming champion sounds, was given by the fans. And not only among those who for many years respectfully observed how the leader of the US team beats in the pool record for the record and regularly rises to the top step of the Olympic pedestal. Six times this happened in Athens 2004 (where Phelps also won two bronze medals), eight in Beijing in 2008, and four in London 2012 (plus two bronzes). To the achievements of the absolute champion in gold and total Olympic awards, you can also include 26 of his wins at the world championships in the 50-meter pool and seven titles of the best swimmer of the planet. So it is understandable sadness of numerous fans of Phelps, when after the Games in 2012 in London, their 27-year-old idol at that time announced the completion of the speeches. Like their joy at the news of his return to the big sport in the spring of 2014 and a new victory in one of the tournaments in the US.
Pedestal for TarzanMost of the 70 most titledathletes, Olympians, on account of which not less than five gold, are men. They are on the list of 48 against 22 women, led by Larisa Latynina, who spoke at the Games in 1956, 1960 and 1964. The first place among 17 countries, for which seven dozens of Olympic record-breakers performed, are confidently headed by the United States, including thanks to Phelps, who beat Latynina's record. Americans in it almost third - 20. The second line of the table of achievements is occupied by Russia / the USSR - 11 people. In third place is Germany / GDR - 6. The most "gold-rich" of the 16 sports listed in the "70 list" are gymnastics - 17 people, swimming - 14 and fencing - 6. And five-time champion of the Games in 1924 and 1928, the American Johnny (Peter Johann) Weissmueller, more famous for his role as Tarzan in the Hollywood movie series of the same name, was the only one of 70 who won at once in two sports - swimming and water polo.
Tip 4: The most titled football club in England
English Premier League Championshipis one of the best football leagues of the Old World. This championship is rightfully considered the richest, it was in England that football originated in the modern sense. Among the many outstanding clubs of the Premier League, the most titled can be singled out.
The most titled football club in EnglandIt is known, perhaps, for the whole world. In Russia, this English club has the most fans. It's about a team from Manchester, founded in the late XIX century (1878) - Manchester United.
Manchester United has the largestthe number of victories in the main football tournament in England - 20 times Manchester United excelled in the championship. The last time the honorary title of this club won in the season 2012-2013.
More than ten times Manchester United won the oldestfootball tournament of the world (FA Cup) - 11 times. In addition, England hosts the English League Cup. In this tournament, the "red devils" won 4 times.
Among the other trophies won by Manchester United in the domestic arena, it is worth noting the Super Bowl of England: the famous team had twenty.
In the European arena Manchester United alsoAchieved great heights. So, the team with "Old Trafford" won three times the honorable trophy of the European Champions Cup (Champions League). The victory over the "Bavaria" in 1999 at the last minute for ever entered the history of world football, as an outstanding feat of players who showed character in a hopeless situation. The first trophy in the Cup of Champions MJ won in 1968, the last (in the Champions League) - in 2008. Two more times (2009, 2011) Manchester played in the final.
Other significant victories of Manchester United in the European arena are triumphs in the Cup of Cups (1 time), the UEFA Super Cup (1 time). On time, United won the Intercontinental Cup and the club world championship.
It is worth noting that in some sources the mostTitled football club of England is called "Liverpool". The main criterion of this choice were the five wins of the "reds" in the Champions League. However, "Liverpool" fewer times won the domestic English championship (18 against 20 in Manchester).
Tip 5: The most titled football club in Spain
Currently, the Spanish Football Championshipsis recognized as one of the most interesting thanks to the presence in Spanish clubs of the most eminent world-famous stars. In the highest Spanish football division are some of the strongest clubs in the world, but historically the most titled football team in Spain recognized only one.
The best football club of the XX century by versionFIFA was recognized as the famous Madrid team "Real". It is this team that is the most titled in Europe. Therefore, it is quite logical to recognize the "creamiest" best team and Spain.
For more than a century of existenceMadrid "Real" won a lot of trophies both in the domestic arena and in European fields. In the highest Spanish division (La-league), "Real" won more than thirty victories (32). This is the best figure among the Spanish teams. For comparison: "Barcelona" won the championship only 23 times.
Real Madrid is the nineteen-time winner of the Spanish Cup, nine more times, the Galacticos won the Super Cup of their country.
Among all European football clubs, no onewon the trophy of the Cup (League) champions more often than this Spanish team. "Real" won ten times in a prestigious tournament. The main pursuer of Madrid in this indicator is the Italian "Milan" with seven victories in the said competition.
Twice, "Real" won a victory in the second inthe importance of the European Cup - the UEFA Cup. The same number of wins are listed as "creamy" in the UEFA Super Cup and in the Intercontinental Cup. Once (in 2014), "Real" won the club world championship.
According to data at the beginning of 2016, "Real" has 77prestigious victories in the domestic arena and European tournaments. This impressive number of titles Madrid could win over 113 years. Fans of the most titled team of Spain hope that the number of trophies of "Real" in the future will increasingly increase.
Tip 6: How sledding has become an Olympic sport
A rare Russian fairy tale, the action of whichoccurs in the winter, does without the ancient folk fun - skating with an ice slide on the sled. In the XX century this traditional entertainment turned into a professional winter discipline. And 50 years ago, tobogganing became part of the Olympic program. Replacing in it another sledge discipline - skeleton.
Existing for a long time idle orSolemn riding on wooden sleds-wagons with iron runners began to turn into a sport around the middle of the XIX century. Its founders were several nameless Britons, who decided to leave one of the alpine hills on a sleigh.
By the way, the Alps, especially German and Austrian,in which there was an unofficial arrival of a group of English gentlemen, eventually turned into a real Mecca for sled makers. Even the first Olympic competitions, held half a century ago, were held on the Alpine track in the Austrian Innsbruck.
In professional language, luge means"Competitions for downhill on single or double sleds along a previously laid ice track". In 2014, another kind appeared - the team relay race. The participants of the races lie on their backs and legs forward, and this is the main difference between the sleigh and the related skeleton. In it, the athlete travels along the chute head first and face down.
Managed sled only with the help of certainBody movements. Or, in the case of doubles, two bodies that change the trajectory of descent. Such apparent simplicity is often even a matter of jokes. For example, the track in the Olympic Sochi is called quite lightly for a professional sports facility - "Sankey".
In the official Olympic program lugecame relatively recently - in 1964. Replacing, thanks to the good will of the International Olympic Committee, a "related" skeleton. But the debut holiday turned out to be quite sad. On the eve of the first race on an alpine sledge-bobsleigh track, one of the sportsmen, a Briton Kazimierz Kay-Skjipeski, crashed.
Again, defend my view of the President of the Internationalthe federation of tobogganing Austrian Bert Isatish was not without difficulty. The first champion in Innsbruck-64 was the representative of Germany Thomas Keller. The situation did not change too much in the next half century. Most of the Olympic medals in the sleigh are still won by representatives of the alpine countries - Germany, Austria and Italy.
Soviet athletes-lugers first andThe only gold won in 1980 in Lake Placid. The Olympic champion was then Vera Zozulya. In Russia, this sport began to develop in 1910. A separate team of Russian Olympians made their debut in 1994. Albert Demchenko, the owner of three silver Olympic medals (2006, 2014), is the most titled among domestic masters of tobogganing.
As for the skeleton, which at first succumbed to itsOlympic place sleigh, and later returned to the program of the Games, then his path to a great sport, he began in 1892. It was then that an Englishman named Child, and designed a sports sleigh, later called "skeleton."
Competition number 1 on the extreme downhill from the mountainUpside down in 1905 in Austria. In 23 years, the skeleton made its debut at the II Winter Olympics in St. Moritz. The first champion was the American Jennison Heaton, ahead of including his brother John.
It is curious that the second Olympic tournamentskeletonists held in 1948, and again in St. Moritz. After fifteen years, the skeleton was expelled from the Olympic "family". His place at the Olympics-64 was given to luge sports. Finally, at the 2002 Games in Salt Lake City, the second Olympic return took place. Perhaps, the final one.