Tip 1: The most titled Olympic champions of Russia

Tip 1: The most titled Olympic champions of Russia



At the end of the 19th century, a commission wasthe revival of the Olympic Games. A little later the International Olympic Committee - IOC was organized, it included the most authoritative and enterprising citizens of different countries. The first Olympics took place in the summer of 1896 in Athens.





The most titled Olympic champions of Russia

















Representatives of the Russian Empire alsoparticipated in the international Olympic movement, but the first national team of our country first performed only at the 5 Olympics in Stockholm in 1912. It is worth noting that Russian athletes nevertheless performed at the 4 Olympic Games in London in 1908. At that time, there was no Olympic Committee in the country, so 8 people went to the Olympics individually, they performed in figure skating, cycling, track and field athletics and wrestling. Nikolai Aleksandrovich Panin-Kolomenkin became the first Olympic champion in Russia, having won gold in figure skating on skates, performing special figures. Then two silver medals were won by Nikolai Orlov in the weight category up to 66.6 kg and Alexander Petrov in the category over 93 kg. The talent and skill of Russian athletes immediately attracted much attention from the public. In March 1911, the National Olympic Committee was established in Russia, its chairman was the state councilor Vyacheslav Izrailovich Sreznevsky. Despite the fact that the Olympics in Stockholm was somewhat unsuccessful (Russia shared 15th place in the team event with Austria), it had a huge impact on the development of Russian sports. The modern Olympic team of the Russian Federation is one of the most numerous. At the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, Russia was represented by 175 athletes, 51 of whom were honored masters of sports, 72 - masters of sports of international class, 41 masters of sports, 10 - candidates for masters, and 1 first-team athlete. Among the most titled athletes of the national team it is possible to note biathlete Olga Zaitseva, master of sports of international class. She is the Olympic champion of Turin (2006), the world champion (Hochfilzen, 2005), she won 6 victories in the World Cup stages, and in 2009 in Pyeongchang, South Korea, she won 2 gold and 2 bronze medals. Honored Master of Sports in Biathlon - Ivan Tcherezov. He is the silver medalist of the World Junior Championship in 2000 and the World Universiade in 2001, he also took silver at the Turin Olympics and later became the three-time world champion later in 2005, 2007 and 2008. Alexander Zubkov is a member of the Russian national team and honored master of sports in bobsleigh, has a huge number of awards. He is the champion of Russia in the deuce (2004) and the four (2001, 2003-2005), in 2001 and 2003 - the silver medalist of the Russian championships in the deuce. Zubkov is Russia's champion in bob-starts in deuce (2002-2004), and in the fourth (2001-2004), silver medalist of the Russian championship in the four-ball in the four in 2000. Silver at the Russian Cup in deuce (2000), gold at the European Championships in the four (2005), silver (2005) and bronze (2003) at the World Championships in the four. Alexander Zubkov won silver at the Olympic Games in Turin and many other awards. Among the most titled athletes of Russia are: Lalenkov Eugene (leader of the Russian national speed skating team), Rochev Vasily (skier), Medvedeva (Arbuzova) Evgeniya (skier) , Demchenko Albert (sled sportsman), Lebedev Vladimir (freestyle, acrobatics), Evgeni Plushenko (figure skater), Evteeva Nina (leader of the Russian national short track team). The hockey players with the most awards are: Ilya Kovalchuk, Evgeni Malkin, Pavel Datsyuk, Sergey Fedorov, Alexander Ovechkin and Evgeni Nabokov. The most titled sportswoman of the world is Larisa Latynina. For her stunning career as a gymnast, she won 18 Olympic awards, nine of them gold, five silver and four bronze medals! There is no such quantity of Olympic medals from any sportsman, not in one sport. And it is worth considering that it has won many more medals at the championships of the USSR, Europe and the world.

























Tip 2: The most titled winners of the Olympic Games



Receiving gold, silver or bronzemedal at the Olympic Games raises the athlete to the top of glory, he forever becomes a legend of his country. If there are several of these medals, he gets the opportunity to become a world-famous sports star and make his name in the annals of the Olympics.





The most titled prize-winners of the Olympic Games







The most titled athlete of the world - AmericanMichael Phelps, swimmer. At the 2004 and 2008 Olympics he won a total of 16 medals, 14 of which were gold and 2 bronze medals. By the number of gold awards, he overtook Larissa Latynina and is considered the most titled athlete of the Olympic Games. Michael Phelps is also a 26-time world champion and holder of 7 world records. Michael Phelps slightly inferior to the total number of medals Larissa Latynina. Russian gymnast received the greatest number of awards at the Olympics in 1956, 1960 and 1964. She won 18 Olympic medals, including 9 gold, 5 silver and 4 bronze medals. In addition, Larisa Latynina is eight-time world champion, multiple champion of the USSR and Europe. After the Olympic career she coached the teams of gymnasts for the Olympics in 1968, 1972 and 1976. The third place is taken by Paavo Nurmi, an athlete from Finland. At the Olympic Games in 1920, 1924 and 1928 he won 9 gold and 3 silver medals. The same number of gold medals from Mark Spitz, American swimmer, as well as Carl Lewis, athlete from the United States. They occupied respectively the fourth and fifth place. Eight gold and four silver medals from Bjorn Daly, a skier from Norway, the same result was received by Birgit Fischer from Germany, engaged in rowing in canoes and kayaks. They took the sixth and seventh place in the list of the most titled athletes of the modern Olympics. Slightly inferior to them, the Japanese gymnast Savao Kato and swimmer from the US Jenny Thompson, they received 8 gold, 3 silver and 1 bronze medals. In the tenth place, Matt Biondi, a swimmer from the United States, won the Olympics 1984-1992 with 8 gold, 2 silver and 1 bronze medal. In addition, it is worth noting Ray Jury, an athlete from the US - he has 8 gold medals.










Tip 3: Who are the champions by the number of Olympic gold



At first glance, nothing in common with a swimmer from the United StatesMichael Phelps, gymnast from the USSR Larisa Latynina and athlete from Finland Paavo Nurmi no. In addition, that all three are outstanding athletes. After all, they lived at different times, they did not compete with each other. But those who think so, are mistaken. It Phelps, Latynina and Nurmi top the list of world record holders in the number of gold Olympic medals, ahead of several hundred other sports stars.





18-time Olympic champion Michael Phelps decided to resume his sports career







Olympic phenomena

In the history of world sports almost half a thousandathletes who returned from the summer and winter Olympic Games with three or more gold medals of champions. Almost 200 of them won at least four such awards at the Games. Seventy athletes proudly wear the title of five-time Olympic champions, 34 of them won at least six gold medals. Seventeen Olympians have seven championship titles, 12 winners have eight and more. Finally, only four - track and field athletes Karl Lewis (USA) and Paavo Nurmi (Finland), American swimmer Mark Spitz and gymnast from the USSR Larisa Latynina - are the owners of nine higher Olympic medals, behind in their number only to another phenomenal representative of American swimming - Michael Phelps. Speaking at three Olympics in a row, he won 22 awards in the pool, 18 of which turned out to be gold! This truly fantastic achievement can be considered unattainable, and even eternal. After all, the closest "persecutor" Phelps from the current athletes is the Norwegian biathlete Ule-Einar Björndalen, who after the Games in Sochi became eight gold. But in order to catch up with the American swimmer, a 40-year-old Norwegian needs to stay in the sport until at least 2022. And it's not just to play at least two more Winter Olympics, but also to win all the races there ... The position of the leaders, which definitely will not change until the Summer Olympics in 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, as none of the possible "competitors" of Michael there will be no performance, such: Phelps - 22 medals, including 18 gold, two silver and bronze, Latynina - 18 (9, 5, 4), Nurmi - 12 (9, 3, 0), Spitz - 11 (9 , 1, 1), Lewis - 10 (9, 1, 0), Bjerndalen - 13 (8, 4, 1), Nikolay Andrianov - 15 (7, 5, 3), Boris Shakhlin (both USSR, gymnastics) - 13 (7, 4, 2), Edoardo Manjaro tti (Italy, fencing) - 13 (6, 5, 2).

The Baltimore Bullet

Such a nickname to a native of Baltimore in the stateMaryland Michael Fred Phelps II, as the full name of the 18-time Olympic swimming champion sounds, was given by the fans. And not only among those who for many years respectfully observed how the leader of the US team beats in the pool record for the record and regularly rises to the top step of the Olympic pedestal. Six times this happened in Athens 2004 (where Phelps also won two bronze medals), eight in Beijing in 2008, and four in London 2012 (plus two bronzes). To the achievements of the absolute champion in gold and total Olympic awards, you can also include 26 of his wins at the world championships in the 50-meter pool and seven titles of the best swimmer of the planet. So it is understandable sadness of numerous fans of Phelps, when after the Games in 2012 in London, their 27-year-old idol at that time announced the completion of the speeches. Like their joy at the news of his return to the big sport in the spring of 2014 and a new victory in one of the tournaments in the US.

Pedestal for Tarzan

Most of the 70 most titledathletes, Olympians, on account of which not less than five gold, are men. They are on the list of 48 against 22 women, led by Larisa Latynina, who spoke at the Games in 1956, 1960 and 1964. The first place among 17 countries, for which seven dozens of Olympic record-breakers performed, are confidently headed by the United States, including thanks to Phelps, who beat Latynina's record. Americans in it almost third - 20. The second line of the table of achievements is occupied by Russia / the USSR - 11 people. In third place is Germany / GDR - 6. The most "gold-rich" of the 16 sports listed in the "70 list" are gymnastics - 17 people, swimming - 14 and fencing - 6. And five-time champion of the Games in 1924 and 1928, the American Johnny (Peter Johann) Weissmueller, more famous for his role as Tarzan in the Hollywood movie series of the same name, was the only one of 70 who won at once in two sports - swimming and water polo.








Tip 4: The most titled football club in England



English Premier League Championshipis one of the best football leagues of the Old World. This championship is rightfully considered the richest, it was in England that football originated in the modern sense. Among the many outstanding clubs of the Premier League, the most titled can be singled out.





The most titled football club in England







The most titled football club in EnglandIt is known, perhaps, for the whole world. In Russia, this English club has the most fans. It's about a team from Manchester, founded in the late XIX century (1878) - Manchester United.

Manchester United has the largestthe number of victories in the main football tournament in England - 20 times Manchester United excelled in the championship. The last time the honorary title of this club won in the season 2012-2013.

More than ten times Manchester United won the oldestfootball tournament of the world (FA Cup) - 11 times. In addition, England hosts the English League Cup. In this tournament, the "red devils" won 4 times.

Among the other trophies won by Manchester United in the domestic arena, it is worth noting the Super Bowl of England: the famous team had twenty.

In the European arena Manchester United alsoAchieved great heights. So, the team with "Old Trafford" won three times the honorable trophy of the European Champions Cup (Champions League). The victory over the "Bavaria" in 1999 at the last minute for ever entered the history of world football, as an outstanding feat of players who showed character in a hopeless situation. The first trophy in the Cup of Champions MJ won in 1968, the last (in the Champions League) - in 2008. Two more times (2009, 2011) Manchester played in the final.

Other significant victories of Manchester United in the European arena are triumphs in the Cup of Cups (1 time), the UEFA Super Cup (1 time). On time, United won the Intercontinental Cup and the club world championship.

It is worth noting that in some sources the mostTitled football club of England is called "Liverpool". The main criterion of this choice were the five wins of the "reds" in the Champions League. However, "Liverpool" fewer times won the domestic English championship (18 against 20 in Manchester).










Tip 5: The most titled football club in Spain



Currently, the Spanish Football Championshipsis recognized as one of the most interesting thanks to the presence in Spanish clubs of the most eminent world-famous stars. In the highest Spanish football division are some of the strongest clubs in the world, but historically the most titled football team in Spain recognized only one.





The most titled football club in Spain







The best football club of the XX century by versionFIFA was recognized as the famous Madrid team "Real". It is this team that is the most titled in Europe. Therefore, it is quite logical to recognize the "creamiest" best team and Spain.

For more than a century of existenceMadrid "Real" won a lot of trophies both in the domestic arena and in European fields. In the highest Spanish division (La-league), "Real" won more than thirty victories (32). This is the best figure among the Spanish teams. For comparison: "Barcelona" won the championship only 23 times.

Real Madrid is the nineteen-time winner of the Spanish Cup, nine more times, the Galacticos won the Super Cup of their country.

Among all European football clubs, no onewon the trophy of the Cup (League) champions more often than this Spanish team. "Real" won ten times in a prestigious tournament. The main pursuer of Madrid in this indicator is the Italian "Milan" with seven victories in the said competition.

Twice, "Real" won a victory in the second inthe importance of the European Cup - the UEFA Cup. The same number of wins are listed as "creamy" in the UEFA Super Cup and in the Intercontinental Cup. Once (in 2014), "Real" won the club world championship.

According to data at the beginning of 2016, "Real" has 77prestigious victories in the domestic arena and European tournaments. This impressive number of titles Madrid could win over 113 years. Fans of the most titled team of Spain hope that the number of trophies of "Real" in the future will increasingly increase.










Tip 6: How sledding has become an Olympic sport



A rare Russian fairy tale, the action of whichoccurs in the winter, does without the ancient folk fun - skating with an ice slide on the sled. In the XX century this traditional entertainment turned into a professional winter discipline. And 50 years ago, tobogganing became part of the Olympic program. Replacing in it another sledge discipline - skeleton.





Once the children's winter fun became an extreme Olympic sport








Instructions





1


Existing for a long time idle orSolemn riding on wooden sleds-wagons with iron runners began to turn into a sport around the middle of the XIX century. Its founders were several nameless Britons, who decided to leave one of the alpine hills on a sleigh.





2


By the way, the Alps, especially German and Austrian,in which there was an unofficial arrival of a group of English gentlemen, eventually turned into a real Mecca for sled makers. Even the first Olympic competitions, held half a century ago, were held on the Alpine track in the Austrian Innsbruck.





3


In professional language, luge means"Competitions for downhill on single or double sleds along a previously laid ice track". In 2014, another kind appeared - the team relay race. The participants of the races lie on their backs and legs forward, and this is the main difference between the sleigh and the related skeleton. In it, the athlete travels along the chute head first and face down.





4


Managed sled only with the help of certainBody movements. Or, in the case of doubles, two bodies that change the trajectory of descent. Such apparent simplicity is often even a matter of jokes. For example, the track in the Olympic Sochi is called quite lightly for a professional sports facility - "Sankey".





5


In the official Olympic program lugecame relatively recently - in 1964. Replacing, thanks to the good will of the International Olympic Committee, a "related" skeleton. But the debut holiday turned out to be quite sad. On the eve of the first race on an alpine sledge-bobsleigh track, one of the sportsmen, a Briton Kazimierz Kay-Skjipeski, crashed.





6


Again, defend my view of the President of the Internationalthe federation of tobogganing Austrian Bert Isatish was not without difficulty. The first champion in Innsbruck-64 was the representative of Germany Thomas Keller. The situation did not change too much in the next half century. Most of the Olympic medals in the sleigh are still won by representatives of the alpine countries - Germany, Austria and Italy.





7


Soviet athletes-lugers first andThe only gold won in 1980 in Lake Placid. The Olympic champion was then Vera Zozulya. In Russia, this sport began to develop in 1910. A separate team of Russian Olympians made their debut in 1994. Albert Demchenko, the owner of three silver Olympic medals (2006, 2014), is the most titled among domestic masters of tobogganing.





8


As for the skeleton, which at first succumbed to itsOlympic place sleigh, and later returned to the program of the Games, then his path to a great sport, he began in 1892. It was then that an Englishman named Child, and designed a sports sleigh, later called "skeleton."





9


Competition number 1 on the extreme downhill from the mountainUpside down in 1905 in Austria. In 23 years, the skeleton made its debut at the II Winter Olympics in St. Moritz. The first champion was the American Jennison Heaton, ahead of including his brother John.





10


It is curious that the second Olympic tournamentskeletonists held in 1948, and again in St. Moritz. After fifteen years, the skeleton was expelled from the Olympic "family". His place at the Olympics-64 was given to luge sports. Finally, at the 2002 Games in Salt Lake City, the second Olympic return took place. Perhaps, the final one.