Tip 1: What is sedation?
Tip 1: What is sedation?
Sedation is an effectSedative on the human body. These drugs are used to help people relax and not feel uncomfortable during certain medical procedures. The effect of soothing medication comes when the patient drinks it with water, inhales it, or receives a prick in a vein.
Why do you need a sedative effect?There are two reasons for the use of sedativesMeans. First, they help painlessly survive certain surgical interventions and get rid of anxiety and fear. Secondly, they help to calm the least "obedient" patients, for example, children. They are also used in cases where the patient needs to maintain a stationary position for a long time. Often, sedatives are used together with painkillers.
Sedation and anesthesiaThe sedative effect is mild and deep. Moderate sedation occurs as a result of the application of local anesthesia, that is, anesthesia of individual parts of the body. Often, local anesthesia is carried out in the treatment of teeth, plastic surgery. In this case, a person exposed to a sedative is able to maintain awareness, hear and understand speech, respond to touch. The patient is able to control all the vital functions of his body. Moderate sedation lasts not for long, but causes side effects: the patient may feel drowsy. Other side effects are nausea and headache. Sometimes there is a short-term memory loss. Patients who have undergone a mild sedative effect, doctors do not recommend signing important documents, driving a car, drinking alcohol and using the equipment within 24 hours after the procedure. Deep sedation occurs as a result of general anesthesia. At the same time, the reflex reactions of the organism, the ability to control breathing and answer questions are partially or completely lost.
After a deep sedative effect, the patient returns to normal longer, the risk of complications from anesthesia increases.
What drugs cause sedation?Sedative medications are divided into tranquilizers,The purpose of which is to eliminate anxiety of patients, hypnotics and antipsychotics. Some tranquilizers in large doses act as hypnotic drugs, for example, benzodiazepine.
With increasing doses of sedative, the sedative effect is enhanced.Among the drugs that causeSedative effect, secrete barbiturates, benzodiazepines, natural remedies, Z-drugs and antihistamines. Barbiturates include: amobarbital, pentobarbital, seconal, phenobarbital. Benzodiazepines include clonazepam, diazepam, estazolam, flunitrazepam, lorazepam, midazolam, nitrazepam, oxazepam, triazolam, temazepam, chlordiazepoxide, alprazolam. Natural sedatives include herbal remedies such as ashvagandha, duboisia, cats, kava-kava , Mandrake, valerian, marijuana. Z-drugs are zaleplon, zolpidem, zopiclone. Antigistamines include diphenhydramine, dimenhydrinate, doxylamine, phenergan, promethazine.
Tip 2: What are sedatives, how they work
Sedatives are psychotropicDrugs that have a calming effect on the central nervous system (CNS) without significant disruption of its functions. Such drugs are used in medicine mainly for the treatment of neurotic conditions.