What diseases are transmitted only through the blood

What diseases are transmitted only through the blood



Hemotransmitive diseases are diseases thatare transmitted to a healthy person from the patient through the blood. Knowledge of these diseases will help prevent possible contamination by them. Studies on bloodborne diseases are mandatory for potential donors.





What diseases are transmitted only through the blood


















Instructions





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Hemotransmitive diseases are commoneverywhere. Infectious diseases transmitted through the blood include: AIDS, syphilis, hepatitis, brucellosis, typhus, tularemia, leprosy. Parasitological diseases that can be transmitted to a healthy person from a patient through the blood include: echinococcosis, toxoplasmosis, trypanosomiasis, filariasis, leishmaniasis.





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AIDS - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome,developing as a result of the action on the immune system of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). There is a defeat of the cells of the immune system, central nervous system, red and white blood. Syphilis is a chronic systemic disease caused by bacteria of the species Treponema pallidum (pale treponema). Characterized by damage to the skin, mucous membranes, internal organs, bones, nervous system with a consistent change in the stages of the disease. Viral hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver tissue caused by viruses that belong to different species and differ in their biochemical characteristics: hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus. Brucellosis is an acute or chronic disease characterized by damage to the nervous system, bones and joints. Leprosy is a chronic disease with damage to the skin, peripheral nervous system, eyes, hands and feet.





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Echinococcosis is a disease caused by echinococcus. It is accompanied by damage to the liver, lungs, brain, muscles, kidneys. Toxoplasmosis is a disease whose causative agent is toxoplasm. Symptoms: fever, enlargement of the liver, spleen, headache, vomiting. Filariatosis is a helminthic disease with subcutaneous tissue damage, serous membranes, eyes, lymph nodes. Leishmaniasis is a disease that occurs with ulcers of the skin and mucous membranes, with severe damage to the internal organs.





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Depending on the method of contact with the infectedblood, distinguish high, insignificant and very low risk of disease. When piercing the skin with a sharp object, which has infected blood, bite to the blood of a sick person, in whose saliva blood was kept, they speak of a high risk of infection. The presence of blood in the eyes, mouth, nose, cut, abrasion or scratch indicates an insignificant risk of the disease. A very low risk of infection is the ingress of blood to healthy intact skin.





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Preventive measures aimed atreduction of the possibility of contracting blood-borne diseases include: sanitary education education among the population, prevention of drug addiction, proper sterilization of medical instruments, prickly and cutting objects, widespread use of disposable syringes and needles, use of personal protective equipment by medical personnel in contact with infected people, donor blood.