How to calculate ton-kilometers

How to calculate ton-kilometers

A tonne-kilometer is a unit of measurement thatis used for the carriage of goods. It combines two indicators: the number of tons of cargo carried and the distance. Tonne-kilometers are recorded in such primary documentation as the vehicle's waybill. It is for tons and ton-kilometers and the salary is paid to the driver with a piece-rate direct wage system.

How to calculate ton-kilometers

You will need

  • Waybill.



One tonne-kilometer is a weight in oneton, which is transported for a distance of one kilometer. So, in order to calculate the metric ton-kilometers, multiply the weight of the load by the mileage of the car delivering the goods. For example, a truck transported 5 tons of cargo for a distance of 200 kilometers: multiply 5 by 200 and get 1000 ton-kilometers.


The resulting economic calculationThe indicator is used to estimate the volume of transport of goods by this mode of transport. In addition, this indicator of cargo turnover can be used to estimate the maximum throughput of transport lines of the enterprise and to compare the mechanical strength of different vehicles.


It is also possible to calculate the aboveton-kilometer. This indicator characterizes the volume of all passenger and cargo transportation carried out by individual modes of transport. To calculate the given tonne-kilometers, summarize the ton-kilometers with passenger-kilometers.


To measure the efficiency of usevehicle, by means of which the cargo is delivered, the utilization factor of cargo capacity is calculated. This indicator reflects the degree of use of cargo spaces of various vehicles. For example, for cargo wagons the utilization factor of cargo capacity is calculated as a quotient when dividing the usable volume by the total volume.


On the indicator of freight turnover a significant impactIt provides the type of roads by which the goods are transported. At present, three types of roads are distinguished in Russia: one-way and hard-surface roads, hard-surfaced and two-way roads and dirt roads. Naturally, the speed of transportation of goods along roads of the first type will be much higher than the speed of moving a loaded vehicle along dirt roads.