Tip 1: How the system and organization are interrelated

Tip 1: How the system and organization are interrelated

Many entrepreneurs are mistaken whenargue that the system and organization are one and the same. Of course, these two concepts have much in common, however, their synonymous use is unacceptable. Consider the common features of the organization and the system.

How does the system differ from the organization

System - a concept that is constantly used in science and business. It is any set of interrelated elements that function together.

Organization is also a unity of elements, constantlyinteracting with each other, but it has many branches, depending on the genus and the ultimate goal. This is a broader concept that includes not only the state, but also the process.

Common signs of these categories are:

  • Properties of openness. The system is open if there is an exchange between the constituent elements and the external environment. This is the most common type of system. Organizations, as a rule, are always open. This is due to the fact that the process of regulation is possible only with the participation of external forces. The closed system is able to function without any influences.
  • The system and organization can not be formedonly naturally, but also artificially. The first type includes those that were formed in the course of natural processes. Artificial systems are created by man to achieve his own goals. The most popular goal of any organization is profit making.
  • Stochasticity and determinism. The behavior of interrelated elements is also a common feature of these categories. Deterministic systems are those whose behavior is fairly easy to predict. Stochastic, respectively, unpredictable. Their behavior is not subject to any laws.

Tip 2: Features of social organizations

A social organization is a collection of people,which jointly implement a single goal and act on certain rules and principles. Each social organization has values, interests, traits, needs, and also makes certain demands on society. However, this type of relationship is often confused with other types of systems. To finally understand the essence of social organizations, it is necessary to know their distinctive features.

Features of social organizations

Instructions

1

The ability to maintain their organization and continue to develop independently of the impact of external and internal factors.

2

Ability to allocate in the same objectorganization of one or several systems necessary to achieve a particular goal. For example, an enterprise can be considered as a set of machinery required for the production of parts. At the same time, the enterprise is a system of people ensuring uninterrupted production of products.

3

Any social system is different in thata person can fully realize his capabilities within the framework of the function assigned to him. Any element of the system can take part in obtaining the required result.

4

Stochasticity and complexity of functioning. This feature directly depends on the number of interrelated elements and the system of goals.

5

There is a certain level of inertia, which allows predicting the approximate development of the organization in the near future.

6

High reliability of functioning elements. This property is determined by the ability of components to be interchangeable. This includes alternative technologies, business management methods, materials and management.

7

The existence of objective and subjective processes. The first are directly related to the laws of the organization and the rules of its functioning. These include production cycles, synergy, proportionality and composition. The second processes depend only on the adoption of managerial decisions.

8

Formal and informal leaders. A leader is understood as a person who embodies the values ​​and norms of a group, and also actively advocates the protection of these norms. A formal leader, as a rule, is appointed by a higher authority. An informal leader is elected directly by the team. He acts as an authority and a defender.

9

The basis of any social organization is a small group. As a rule, these are 3-7 people who are constantly in interconnected and complementary work.