Proper care for Kalanchoe
Proper care for Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe - a fairly unpretentious flower, so it is decided to have on its windowsills many. In addition, it is a useful plant. He was nicknamed a doctor for various diseases.
The plant has fleshy and thick leaves. Kalanchoe came to us from the subtropics and the tropics. Two types of calanchoe are suitable for growing in the home: pinnate and degremona.
Care for Kalanchoe
This flower loves bright light, so it's better than himto place on the southern window. The plant does not need constant temperature compliance, drops of 17-25 degrees will not be scary. In the winter, the Kalanchoe perfectly experiences the dryness of the air, for him this is not a hindrance. Home flower Kalanchoe has a huge number of species of inflorescences of different colors: from bright orange, red or lilac to tender white.
In order for the Kalanchoe to bloom, you need to create certain conditions:
1. A light day must be at least 12 hours. At the same temperature should be maintained at 15-18 degrees. Without enough light, you will not get large flowers with a bright color.
2. Even in winter, the flower does not need to be sprayed. As a top dressing, take complex mineral fertilizers. Fertilize in summer once a week, in winter - once a month.
3. If you want to achieve active development and growth of Kalanchoe, then take a tight pot. The soil must consist of a piece of leaf land and turf, it must contain sand and humus. The presence of wood ash for the activation of growth is allowed.
Reproduction of Kalanchoe
Reproduction of the plant occurs by children, seeds, cuttings.
In the case of children should be taken from an adultplants a little baby. Put it with the underside upwards and sprinkle with a prepared soil layer of about 1 cm. Watering is required every day in small portions. After a while, you can get from each baby several plants. Transplanting children is carried out together with an earthen lump.
Cuttings reproduce the plant in a similar wayway. Take a few cuttings when pruning plants from cut off stems, plant them in moist sand, wrap them around the film to accelerate rooting. Before replanting the cuttings on individual pots, prepare a qualitative drainage.
For reproduction, even fallen leaves are used! It is enough to put them in the sand, pour, pull the container with a film. It is better to carry out such manipulation in June. The same applies to seeds.
When the plant stops blooming, trim. Remove the withered branches, form the crown. After trimming a Kalanchoe, a rest period is required. Reduce the number of waterings, pick a darker place.
Leaves can begin to dry out, becomeyellow. If the lower leaves are yellow, this is a normal process. The yellowed middle tier is a sign of violation of the rules of care. Then pay special attention to watering: let the land between the watering completely dry. Stand for a week - drought is not terrible for a Kalanchoe, but waterlogging can be bad.
It is worth noting that periodically the plant needs to be updated, it will not be green forever.
The transplantation of a flowering Kalanchoe is highly undesirable, this procedure should be performed only after the end of flowering.
Transplant the Kalanchoe every spring. To do this, prepare the "right" soil: Mix part of the sod land with a piece of leaf and peat land, add a piece of sand and brick chips.
Pull out the old plant together with the ground. Operate carefully - do not damage the root system! Transplant the flower into the pot a little more.
Symptoms of plant disease
Although a plant and unpretentious, but from improper care, the plant can begin to suffer. There are several signs on which it can be determined that care for the Kalanchoe is wrong:
- Fallen leaves are a sign that the plant does not have enough nutrition;
- with juicy and healthy leaves there is no flowering - the reason lies in the lack of lighting;
- black spots on the leaves are a sign that the plant is experiencing an excess of moisture and a low temperature.
If you have taken the responsibility of caring forsuch a domestic plant, then remember the possible appearance of pests. Kalanchoe can suffer from mold if it is in a very humid and cold room. With excess heat and moisture, powdery mildew appears on the plant.
All this is easy to avoid, just create the plant specified conditions!