Tip 1: Choose an electric heater for your home
Tip 1: Choose an electric heater for your home
If you turn off the heating or in the off-season,heating did not work in full, we use electric heaters - we take out, those that are at home and turn on. But buying a new one, which is better to choose?
Fan heaters are attracted by low price andsmall size. They are convenient to store and easy to install where you need to warm up the room. But they are very noisy, compared to other types of electric heaters and create a strong airflow. Also, they are unsafe for children and animals, so that such heaters can not be left unattended.
Open type heaters in whichthe heating coil is located in front of the diffuser, they work in the same way as the heaters, but in the first the air is blown through the fan by a fan, the same simply heats the air and the objects around. They are not noisy, but also very fire-safe, but they are inexpensive. Another disadvantage is that such heaters dry the air in the room.
Convector type heaters: such heaters are produced very much, both stationary (fixed on the wall) and mobile (stand-alone). More expensive models of such electric heaters are equipped with automatic regulators, which disconnect the device when the set temperature in the room is reached. Such heaters are safer if there are children or pets in the house, because they do not have open heating elements, but they can also burn if they get too hot.
Infrared heaters, perhaps the mostdearest of all. But they do not take up space on the floor. Such heaters do not heat the air, but all objects in the room and people. They are considered the most environmentally friendly.
Tip 2: How to keep the heat in the apartment
The cold comes, and the apartment becomescool. Nobody wants to throw money away by installing additional electric heaters that devour a lot of electricity. How to keep the apartment precious heat? What ways are there for this?
You will need
- silicone sealant, carpet, insulation plates
Check if the heat comes from the battery. If it is hot, and the room heats up badly, then there is some obstacle to the circulation of warm air. For example, a very wide window sill or curtains of too dense fabric. Items of furniture moved to the battery can also interfere with the spread of heat. The battery can be a little warm for the reason that it is clogged with impurities. This applies to the old cast-iron batteries. In this case, the radiators must be cleaned.
A lot of heat goes through the windows. If you have old withered frames, it is recommended to put new window structures, better of PVC with double-glazed windows. Such structures, having a high level of thermal conductivity and tightness, can significantly reduce heat losses. If financially it is impossible, then repair old windows. Replace the damaged glass, seal the cracks in the frames and under the windowsill. It is better to use silicone sealant. Easy to use adhesive tapes-heaters, glued to the junction of the frame and glass.
Warm the walls. Choose that wall that goes out into the street, and hang a carpet on it, preferably woolen. If the carpet does not fit into the design of the room, heat the wall with heat-insulating slabs, for example, foam foam.
Insulate the front door. Use rubber seals that are installed around the perimeter of the doorway and prevent cold from getting into the street. Your door will not only keep the heat, but also stop clashing unpleasant when closing.
Cherish the heat. Do not keep the windows open permanently, if this is not necessary or there is no one in the apartment. When buying plastic windows, ask them to equip them with a climate control system - special valves that allow airing the room with the window closed.
Tip 3: Secrets of laying stoves and fireplaces
Owners of country houses, cottages and country houseshouses today have the opportunity to choose the heating method for the home. Of course, much depends on the taste and financial capabilities of the owner of the house. Instead of the usual boilers and electric heaters, you can often find stoves and fireplaces in such houses. Today they are not just sources of heat, but also interesting interior elements that can decorate any corner of the house and assemble a family on cold evenings.
Masonry of fireplaces and stoves provides forexperience and expertise. It is more reasonable to entrust this work to a skilled craftsman. However, there were always willing to try to do everything in the house with their own hands. A lot of tricks and subtleties of work were noticed by the stove, remembered and passed on to the disciples for centuries. Many of the secrets specialists use today.
Masonry tricks of the furnaceA good stoveman will advise you to plan the masonryfireplace or stove in the middle of summer. The fireplace should be allowed to dry naturally, and this will take a long time - at least three weeks. After waiting for complete drying of the masonry, the stove is heated. And it was believed that it is necessary to do this in the early morning, then the stove will serve well and for a long time. The brickwork of the fireplaces and stoves differs from the masonry of the walls. Oven walls are one or three quarters of a brick in thickness. Often, the master spreads them according to a special drawing.
When building it is important to take into account the fact that the brick does not spread with the side to the inside of the fireplace.Fireplaces and stoves are spread according to the schemes and drawings. Complex areas are measured additionally, the brick is preliminarily laid dry and, if necessary, podtesyvayut.
Materials and ToolsIf it is decided to use claybrick, it must be pre-soaked in water. If the red brick is not processed, it will take moisture from the mortar, thereby depriving the strength design. Soak the refractory brick is not necessary, it is enough to wash off the dust from its surface with water. For construction use a special solution of clay, which is applied with a thin layer with the help of a spatula. However, some stoves prefer to do this by hand, in order to be able to control the homogeneity of the mortar, thereby making the masonry better. The brick is tightly pressed to make the seam as thin as possible. The applied solution is not kept for a long time, and its surpluses are immediately removed. Incorrectly laid bricks should be removed, completely cleaned of mortar, and only then repacked with the required amount of fastener.
Clay for the construction of the fireplace is used red, it is believed that it has a high fat content.When laying stoves and fireplaces you need to know thatthe design is not smeared with the solution inside, and it concerns not only the stoves that stand inside the house, but also the street barbecues. At high combustion temperatures, the clay is cracked, and its debris can clog the chimney, a rather complicated repair of the stove or fireplace will be required.
Tip 4: Convector or oil heater?
Need to buy an electric heateris caused by the lack of heat associated with interruptions in the operation of district heating. Frequent emergency situations, shutdowns or just a low temperature installed in the house radiators. In addition, there are cases when there is no central heating at all. To ensure that your house is always warm, cozy and comfortable, you need to install an additional source of heat.
For installation in an apartment, private house orOften, autonomous heat sources that work from the power grid are used. Electric heaters, which the industry offers, are of several types: fan heaters-reflectors, oil radiator batteries, convectors and infrared heaters. All of them are affordable, safe to operate, easy to operate, but not all are equally in demand. Reflectors are highly efficient, but they dry air very much, infrared ones have appeared recently and are still unknown to consumers. The greatest demand is for oil radiators and electric convectors. To make the right choice, it is necessary to learn about the merits and demerits of each of these two types of heaters.
Oil heatersRepresent radiators installed onwheels that facilitate their movement. Can be delivered to any place where the length of the electric cord allows. To get it started, just pull it out of the package and plug it into the outlet. Such a device is a hollow metal case, the area of which is increased due to the ribbed surface. Inside it there is a special mineral oil and a heating element - ten. When switched on, the oil gradually heats up, and then the temperature set by the temperature controller is only maintained in the device. The oil has a low thermal conductivity, so it keeps the temperature well. Initially, these were rather simple devices, equipped only with protection against overheating and turning off when a certain temperature is reached. New generations of oil heaters have built-in temperature controllers that allow you to set the desired temperature; timers, which set the time of turning on and off the device; sensors of horizontal position, turning off the radiator in case of tipping. Some models are equipped with fans, which significantly accelerate the process of heating the premises. In addition, modern radiators have a splash-proof design that prevents oil from getting into surrounding objects, in case of microcracks and device failure. Damage to the housing with a long service life is one of the disadvantages of oil heaters, but it is compensated by such advantages as ease in operation, mobility, quiet operation and affordable cost. The maximum possible temperature value to which the device is heated is set within 70oC, this is related to safety of operation and excludes burns when touched, and, in addition, at this temperature, oxygen is not burned and air is not dried, the smallest dust particles do not burn, there are no specific smells.
As for oil and convector heaters, the rule is: 1 kW of power for every 10 sq. M of the area of the room, which must be heated.
Convector type electric heatersHeater Type of Convector Typeis quite simple - it is a flat metal case with holes in the bottom and top part, inside which there are heating elements. The fixing method can be either floor or wall. In sets of many such devices include wheels and devices that allow to install the convector on the wall, under the window. The principle of operation is based on natural convection - circulation of warm air mass. Entering the lower holes, the air heats up, rises up to the ceiling and, as it cools, again falls down. Such continuously circulating air streams are capable of heating the room fairly quickly and evenly. Usually, the maximum heating temperature is limited to 60 ° C, which guarantees the safety of children and pets.
The ability to program operating modes allows you to significantly reduce the power consumption of the convector type heater.The warm-up temperature is controlled by the built-inthermostat that turns the device on and off as the set value is reached. These are safety devices that work noiselessly and do not degrade air quality in a heated room. Since the heating elements are not directly attached to the metal casing of the convector, there is no need to ground them, the device can be plugged into a regular household outlet. Installing several convectors in rooms and other rooms in a holiday home allows you to get an autonomous heating system that will be economical enough, since it will only work from time to time and for it you do not need to build a communication system and buy a heating boiler.