Tip 1: How to reduce water bills
Tip 1: How to reduce water bills
These simple tips will reduce your water supply costs by up to 60%! And most importantly, they are all absolutely legal.
You turn on the water to brush your teeth, a couple of timesyou put a brush under a stream of water ... and the rest of the time the water just flows, taking your money with you. In order to solve this problem, it is not necessary to constantly think about saving and try to turn off the water as soon as possible.
Simply attach the sensor nozzle to the mixer. The principle of its operation is based on a sensor with a photocell, which determines whether something is under the tap. If so, for example, your toothbrush, then it includes water. But if you remove it, the water supply will stop immediately! You can install this nozzle on any faucet in just 5 minutes.
The second way to save: this is to install a dishwasher. Just remember for a second how you wash the dishes: do you turn off the water when splashing the product on the sponge? Or when soap plates, cups and other utensils? In the dishwasher, water does not flow away easily, so the water flow is 7 times less.
We pass to the drain tank of the toilet bowl. You can save money on the descent of water! For this it is necessary to have a two-button flushing barrel. When you press a smaller button from the tank, 2-4 liters of water will flow out, but if you need to wash something more serious, clicking on the big button will get 7-8 liters. Agree, this is better than each time to empty the tank completely. The only disadvantage of such a system is that it is very difficult to install it without competent plumbing.
But you can install the shower aerator yourselfliterally in a few minutes. This device is a nozzle consisting of a rubber gasket and several nets. Passing through these nets, the water is saturated with air and its flow rate decreases 2 times (from 12 l / min to 6 l / min.). Thanks to the constant pressure, you will not feel the difference.
Tip 2: How to make an allocation
Monthly owners of apartments havepay utility bills. However, often in receipts, there is a fee even for those services, which in fact for the current period were not. For example, in the house water supply was disconnected, and in the receipt opposite the column "water" there is a certain amount. In such cases, citizens have the right to demand with the management company (CC) the recalculation on a receipt. You will need a visit to the Criminal Code and some documents.
Come to the office of your management company andwrite an application. In it, indicate for what period and for what reason you are asking for a recalculation for utility payments. Take with you the last received receipt, as well as a passport, or another document proving your identity.
Attach to the application copies of documents,confirming your right to recalculate. For example, if during the past month you did not live at home and did not use public services, because you were in the hospital, take the appropriate certificate. Your absence in the city will be confirmed by tickets, travel document or travel package, hotel reservation and so on.
Make sure that the managercompany has registered your written appeal. Take yourself a copy of the statement with a note that it is accepted for consideration, with the date and registration number.
Tip 3: How to make water supply yourself
Water is the basis of life. Therefore, moving to live outside the city or building a private house, the owner of suburban real estate first thing should think well and organize water supply.
You will need
- - a metal tank;
- - the pump;
- - the filter;
- - Metal-plastic pipes;
- - fittings;
- - flexible hoses;
- - a manometer;
- - instruments.
The classical water supply system consists ofa water storage installation, a storage tank and a filtration unit. However, there must be a permanent source of water, for example, a well, a well or a river.
To create a constant pressure (thiscircumstance is extremely necessary so that you can safely use the water supply system) purchase or make your own water tank with a volume of 1-2 cube. Stainless steel is the best material for the tank. Install the storage tank at a height, for example, in an attic.
To pump water into the system, set it toa well or other source of a water pump. After that, perform the installation of a water intake consisting of a check valve and a grid. Automate the pump on and off: to do this, buy an electrocontact manometer and connect it to the pump and water system.
Supplement the water system with a sealedThe capacity in which one must drill one hole. Connect this hole to the piping system. As the water level in the tank increases, the air above the water will condense, so that when the pump is turned off, the pressure in the system will be constant.
Connect the installation to the water supply system forwater treatment, made on the basis of membranes. The advantage of a membrane filter in comparison with traditional installations is its operability (500-1000 hours).
To further build the system, usemetal-plastic pipes with a diameter of 16 mm and a corresponding set of fittings. Connect the pipes to the tank, pump and cranes, using flexible hoses of the required length.
Tip 4: How to close a support account
Score 23 "Auxiliary production" is closed infirst of all, since it is the auxiliary enterprises that perform work and services for the majority of the activities of the organization. For example, for agricultural organizations, sub-accounts are closed in the following order: electricity, gas, heat, vehicles, production repairs, machine and tractor fleet.
You will need
- Data of financial statements for the whole year
To begin, close the electricity bill.water supply. Given that electricity and water come to the organization at clearly set prices, the closing of these accounts occurs as a normal write-off of amounts. Electricity payments are transferred to customers' accounts according to the planned estimate of kilowatt-hour. And at the end of the year, you can determine the actual cost of kilowatt-hour in the debit of the corresponding sub-account. To get this figure, you need to divide the total amount of expenses by the amount of electricity generated per year.
Then calculate the deviation of the available cost of electricity from the planned and make the adjustment of the costs incurred in the relevant accounts by the amount of the difference.
Close the "Water supply" sub-account in the secondbecause many organizations have their own wells, which work at the expense of electricity. The total amount of costs divided by the total amount of water expended and you determine the actual cost of cubic meter of water. Multiply the amount of water expended by the difference between the actual cost price and the planned cost, and you will receive the amount of costs that need to be written off.
Transportation works carried out duringyear, write off monthly on the credit of the account under the planned cost price and carry on the debit of accounts of consumers of services. After a year, determine the deviation of actual costs from the planned costs. With respect to freight motor vehicles, the unit of measurement is 1 tonne-kilometer of traffic.
Closing of sub-accounts "Repair shop" and"Repair of buildings and structures" depends on the method of accounting for repair costs. Here, the object of calculation is repaired objects. Simply at the end of the year, adjust the write-off over the year of the overhead costs of the repair shop and the costs of building repairs.
Under the account "Machine-tractor park" write off inwithin a year from the loan the cost of the performed transportation works at the planned cost of one conventional reference hectare. And at the end of the year, allocate costs for the following items: depreciation of fixed assets, deductions for the repair of fixed assets, other costs. Distribute the amounts of costs for these items in proportion to the amount of work performed and write down the costs without taking into account the amounts that are related to the transport work of tractors.