Tip 1: Floor paint for concrete surfaces
Tip 1: Floor paint for concrete surfaces
In ordinary residential apartments, concrete floors are consideredrare, but very often they are found in garages, balconies and cellars. Of course, these floors are durable and durable, but without the necessary coating they are too prone to the formation of dust. Painting of such surfaces provides not only attractiveness of concrete, but also increases its wear resistance.
There are requirements that are imposed onpaints for concrete coatings: resistance to abrasion, mechanical influences, moisture and temperature differences. All paint for concrete can be divided into 2 groups: budgetary and expensive.
When choosing a paint, you need to pay attention tothe following features, such as the decorative quality of the coating obtained, functionality, protective characteristics, as well as the place of their use (paints with minimal toxicity).
Among the water-dispersed paints should be allocatedacrylic based on special polymers. Are applied basically on skim surfaces an equal layer. The painted layer is also protective, therefore the concrete floor will be perfectly protected from both mechanical and chemical influences. In rooms with a small patency will be enough single-layer application. To increase the strength, two layers of acrylic should be applied.
It should be noted and epoxy compounds, whichare made on the basis of homogeneous resins. The main advantages include strength to mechanical influences, waterproofing properties, as well as chemical resistance. Epoxy paints do not have a large color range, compared to acrylics, but they are used in rooms with a maximum load on the floor surface, as well as for outdoor playgrounds. The maximum strength of these paints can be achieved by two-layer application, as a rule, drying takes place in a period of 12 to 24 hours.
Tip 2: Floor paint for wood flooring
Coloring of the floors is considered practical andAesthetic necessity, which, in turn, provides appearance, durability and functionality. Currently, there are a large number of types of paints, which are ideal for work with both concrete and wooden coatings.
When choosing a wood floor paintconsider the following factors: the tree species; operating conditions (temperature differences); constructive characteristics of the surface; the ability to work with the chosen type of paint.
Some of the most popular are transparentpaint and varnish coatings - they are vapor-permeable, attractive and wear-resistant. The vapor permeability allows to remove excess moisture from the wooden surface. This can be both protective glazes and colorless varnishes. In the event that the composition will have special pigments, then this coating can enhance the natural texture of wood. The treatment with such substances guarantees protection against ultraviolet rays, and also increases the resistance to natural aging. The disadvantages include the need for their regular updating - as a rule, this happens every 2-3 years.
For the treatment of wooden floors suitable anddispersive acrylic compounds. They include water, which is used as a solvent, as well as acrylates and copolymers. This coating serves as an additional protection for the tree from excessive moisture, as well as atmospheric pressure. The water, which is part of the paint, will gradually evaporate, so that the wooden floor will acquire increased frost resistance.
The floor wooden cover can be coveredalso enamels. This type of paint provides a water repellent effect. Enamel dries quickly and is quite inexpensive. Its main advantage is that it is not absorbed into the wood, thereby ensuring the durability of the material itself.
Tip 3: Varieties of self-leveling floors
The floor is a specialA solution that forms an ideally smooth and flat surface. This coating is characterized by high durability and strength, it does not have toxic ingredients in its composition, it is decorated with any facing materials. Self-leveling floors are used very widely - in residential, office, commercial, industrial, storage, exhibition and transportation spaces.
Types of self-leveling floors by type of binderThere are the following types of self-leveling floors by typeBonding agent: - epoxy (based on epoxy resins) - polyurethane (based on polyurethanes) - epoxy-urethane (combination composition) - methyl methacrylate (based on methyl methacrylate resins) - cement-acrylic (dry mixture is used for the preparation). Epoxy floors are characterized by high hardness, stiffness and strength. They are resistant to chemical attack, moisture and mechanical stress. The operating temperature ranges from 0 to + 50 °. The main fields of application of epoxy floors: pharmaceutical, chemical and food production workshops, storage and utility rooms, as well as shops where a large amount of liquid is used - for example, car washes. Also, this type of flooring is suitable for study rooms, health care facilities and catering. Epoxy floors are easy to clean with any detergent.
The disadvantage of epoxy floors is a sufficiently low elasticity.Polyurethane self-leveling floors differthe greatest elasticity, resistance to vibrations, shocks and abrasion. In addition, they are resistant to the action of chemicals, to temperature changes, can be operated at a low temperature. Polyurethane floors are used in shops of food industries, machine-building and mechanical shops, agricultural facilities, warehouses, commercial, refrigeration, exhibition office and residential premises. At the stage of pouring the surface of this material can be decorated with colored particles of acrylic paint, resulting in a floor that looks like natural stone. Epoxy-urethane self-leveling floors combine the elasticity of polyurethane materials and the hardness / hardness of epoxy floors. The use of this option is advisable in garages, parking lots, waiting rooms for airports, airports, platforms of high-capacity transport facilities (airports, metro, railway stations, etc.) .Methylmetacrylate type of coating quickly enough sets (within 1-2 hours after casting), it is resistant to medium chemical and mechanical loads. Can be used at very low temperatures, its use in cold rooms is recommended. Methyl methacrylate leveling mass is characterized by a very sharp smell, and therefore, when this type of coating is used, good ventilation is necessary. Cement-acrylic solution is obtained by mixing quartz filler, as well as a solution of polyacrylic polymer. In ready form, this type of self-leveling floors is resistant to prolonged exposure to cold and hot water. The formulation is suitable for use in food and light industries, where a large amount of water is used - meat and fish production, breweries, linen industry, car washes, swimming pools and saunas. In addition, cement-acrylic floors have an anti-slip effect. Their service life is 30 years.
Cement-acrylic flooring has good resistance to oils, fats, acids, disinfectants and detergents.In addition, there are polymer concrete coatings,based on cement, polymer additives, dyes and sand. Thanks to a bunch of polymer and cement, polymeric concrete floors - the most durable, antistatic, hygienic, resistant to mechanical influences, not hygroscopic, dust-free, have great decorative potential.
Filling floor installation technologyThe work on installing the filler floor consists ofseveral stages. To the result you are pleased with the quality and long service life, you must strictly observe all the technology in each area of work. The first stage is the preparation of a concrete foundation. The requirements are as follows: - The concrete grade must be at least M 200, - the concrete base must be level, - the moisture content should not exceed 4%, - no chips and cracks, - the presence of waterproofing to provide protection against groundwater, no dirt, (vacuuming and grinding by a milling machine). If the base does not meet all these requirements, it is necessary to prepare a new concrete screed. The next step is priming the base with the use of polymeric materials to strengthen the surface, and a strong adhesion of the base coating to the filling. This requires the use of a one-component lacquer, which is applied by 2 layers. After the completion of this section of work, the floor surface should look like a rough emery. Spatting of the surface is carried out in order to remove the defects of the base. The device of an underlying layer is used for liquidation of defects, and also overlapping of large pores of a surface. It is made of a mixture of quartz sand and a bulk floor. The thickness of the layer should be 1.5-2 mm. Due to the use of quartz sand, the polymer material is consumed less. The previous stage is the finishing floor. Separate strips by the method of pouring onto the underlayer are applied a polymer composition. After that, the polymer is evenly distributed with the aid of a coil (tool for mounting) over the entire surface. To smooth the color and remove the incoming air, the applied coating is rolled with a paint roller. The last stage of the filling device is the sealing of seams. Strain the joints with a special sealant.
Tip 4: How to make a floor repair
Beginning repairs in the apartment, many for some reason forget about sex, and in fact his condition plays an important role in the long-term outcome of all your repairsmanipulations. There are several most common problems that can be corrected independently.
Often the boards dry up, which leads to the formation of cracks. Make repairs sex With such defects it is possible with the help of a specialcomposition: water (400 ml), gelatin (50 g), building gypsum (150 g) and wood shavings (50 g). After mixing and bringing everything to homogeneity, immediately proceed to spread out the slits, as the mixture quickly freezes.
Cope with the cracks and small slits will also help the following mixture: 4 portions of small sawdust combine with one portion of paint or varnish.
Creak sex can be eliminated by rearranging the whole coating orreplacing the boards in the places where he appeared. In places with defects, drill holes in which to inject the mounting foam. Remains of foam cut with a construction knife, paint the floor. After hardening, the creak disappears.
If the boards began to vibrate, it is necessary to press the self-tapping screws on the outer floor covering to the internal ceiling. The recommended step is every 5 cm.
On the old coating you can see rotting and infection with insects. To make repairs sex with such defects, it is necessary to replace alldamaged sectors with new boards. Remove with a hacksaw all the places that need replacing, lifting the decayed boards with a chisel. New boards, fitted to the right size, nail so that you can not see the hats of the nails, i.e. at an angle of 45 °. After coating with putty all sex (for leveling the surface), start painting.
For repairsbut concrete sex first, eliminate all externalsmall flaws, walking on the surface of a metal brush. Then it is necessary to seal all the cracks and holes with cement. After coating with latex primer, the floor is covered with a self-leveling compound, which is quite abundant on the market of building materials today.