Tip 1: How to tile a stove
Tip 1: How to tile a stove
Ceramic tiles are very suitable forfurnish of furnaces. It is the tile that can give the stove aesthetic appearance. After finishing, the heat capacity of the furnace will increase. If the styling is done correctly, the ceramic tile will be held on the oven for many years.
First, you need to prepare the furnace forlaying tiles. Clean it completely from clay, old paint, mortar and anything that can interfere with the smooth laying of tiles. It is necessary to clean up to a clean brick. Pay great attention to the seams. They should be cleared to a depth of more than 1 centimeter. Professional builders clean the oven with a metal brush or a grinder with a special nozzle. Often problems arise with the removal of the old paint. In this case, make small incisions all over the surface of the furnace. The depth of incisions should be about 3 millimeters. To finish preparation of the furnace for packing follows, having wiped its surface a damp sponge.
After this, fix the specialmasonry grid, which has a cell size of 50x50 and a diameter of 0.5-1 millimeters. For this purpose, metal anchors can be used. Also suitable are conventional screws. They need to be screwed into the holes drilled in advance by the drill bit. Quite often, masters fasten the grid to the pieces of wire embedded in the seams. They should be placed at a distance of about 15 centimeters.
For laying tiles on the stove is well suitedusual or heat-resistant tile adhesive. Among specialists, the SCANMIX adhesive solution "Skanfixsuper" is very popular. It is specially designed for facing the oven with ceramic tiles. Available as a dry mix. It is best to add sodium chloride to the adhesive solution, in the proportion of 1 kg of salt per 1 bucket of glue. This is done to keep water in the adhesive solution. Salt will prevent its evaporation, and the adhesive solution will normally come into effect.
The installation of ceramic tiles must be doneonly on the furnace heated to the maximum temperature. This temperature should be maintained during the entire installation. Lay the tile is best from below. To make the seams the same you can use crosses. After every few rows, the masonry vertical should be checked. You should immediately adjust the styling, if necessary, because then it can not be done.
Tip 2: How to trim the stove
The furnace is in most cases located in the house andis part of the interior. After masonry, it does not look very aesthetic. Its rough parts are very difficult to keep clean. To create a good appearance you need to use finishing materials.
The surface of the furnace can be simply plastered. Do this work only after the final drying of the masonry. To begin with, the surface must be cleaned of clay. Then you can proceed to clearing the seams. These actions are taken to ensure that the plaster adheres well to the wall. Also you can use a metal mesh. It is fixed to the surface of the oven by double wires, which are pre-laid in the seams. Their ends should be located at a distance of 8 cm from each other.
Before plastering is always goodProtest the oven. Hot surface wet with water and apply a solution of it in two layers. The first layer should have a consistency of sour cream. The second layer should be thicker. On average, the thickness of the layers should be 6-8 mm. If the surface has irregularities, then the thickness of the layer can be increased to 10 mm. After applying the plaster solution, you can proceed to leveling and smoothing the surface.
Dry components of the solution must be sifted throughsieve. After that, in dry form, sand, cement and asbestos must be mixed. Add this mixture to the lime solution. If you decide to use also gypsum, then dilute it separately, and then connect with the lime solution. To strengthen the plaster, you can add a little salt to the solution. For 10 liters of solution will be enough 300-400 g.
To decorate the plastered surface, you canuse rust. Rusts are shallow grooves. They can be applied to the surface of the plaster with the help of a binder. First you need to outline the future geometric pattern. After that, cut the rusts with a ruler and a bar. After the grooves are cut, you can paint the oven. Depressions are often painted white, and the surface of geometric shapes is any other.
Tip 3: How to tile
Tiles - finishing material,traditionally used in the repair of bathrooms and kitchens. Those who have never glued the tile, it will seem difficult, but there is nothing impossible for skilled hands.
You will need
- - Tile;
- - Glue;
- - Crosses;
- - Glass Cutter;
- - The rule;
- - Toothed spatula;
- - Rake
Before facing, you need to prepare the walls. They should be even and strong. To do this, first inspect the surface for cracks in the plaster. They dilate with a spatula and remove all the plaster, which is not firmly held. Then the surface is shpatlyuetsya and leveled with the help of a paint rule, so that there are no large differences. If you are going to glue the tile on an old tile or an oil-dyed wall, then it must be scratched with a Bulgarian so that the solution has something to hold on. After that, the wall is covered with a primer of deep penetration.
When the primer dries, proceed to the markingwalls. Using a cord and level, draw a horizontal line, stepping from the floor width 1 tile + width of the seam. If the floor is uneven, then measure from the highest point. At this level, nail the rail. Then, using a plumb line, draw a vertical line to find the boundary of the first tile.
Dilute the glue and apply it to the wall section,equal to 3-5 tiles (about half a meter) and level with a trowel with teeth. Glue the first tile, attaching its edges to the rail and vertical line. So glue all the tiles of the first row, inserting crosses between them to maintain the width of the seam. All the tiles align on the plane, using the same rule or a long wooden bar. From the way you put the first row, the success of the whole event will depend.
Lay out the tiles row by row. Finish the bottom row, removing the rail. Do not forget to pull the crosses in 1.5 hours, until the glue has finally grasped. At completely dried tile it is necessary to wipe seams by special grout. We do not recommend taking white, as it will still become contaminated with time, and it is very difficult to wash it.
Tip 4: Facing the stoves with our own hands
Lining the stove is an obligatory stage of its creation. The cladding not only gives the stove a decent appearance, but also completely protects you from possible leakage of combustion products, improves the heat transfer of the furnace. Facing the oven with your own hands is a difficult but interesting activity.
Types of claddingThe stove can only be tiled with tiles andceramic tiles. As a binder solution, it is better to use clay or special ready-made tile adhesives for furnaces, but cement should not be used.
The tiles are distinguished from conventional tiles in a special box-shaped form.The choice of facing and tile tiles nowis great, so you can easily select the option you need. You can always find a tile that will suit your aesthetic tastes. The main types of tiles for facing the oven are majolica, after which the pattern is applied after installation, terracotta - durable tiles with a porous structure, clinker - very stable tiles made of a mixture of clays, granite tiles - strong non-porous tiles.
Preparation of the furnaceBefore you lined the stove or fireplace,it is necessary to conduct training. The oven is completely cleaned of plaster and paint, the seams between the oven bricks are also cleaned, dust is blown out of them, then the oven is wiped with a damp cloth. All unevenness of the brickwork must be repaired, the surface should be as level as possible. On the leveled surface, a special fine-mesh wire mesh is strengthened, which will allow the mortar to grasp better with the bricks of the stove. The grid is fixed using dowels or nails that are driven into the seams between the bricks. Of course, it is possible to start the lining only if the oven is cold, moreover, it can only be fired up a week after the cladding.
Oven liningAt the beginning of the cladding, clay is applied to the stove orglue and wait for this layer to dry completely. Then take the first tile in hand, apply a solution on it and stick it to the oven. And so a row behind a series of stoves tile. The most important thing - to lay the tile exactly, you need to constantly check with the levels. Each laid out series should be checked very carefully, since then it will be too late to correct it. In order to lay the tile evenly, it is desirable to pre-mark the surface using cords with weights that will provide stretch, at the ends. Begin the lining from the bottom. Each tile should not only be pressed with hands, but also gently pricked with a hammer with a rubber shock part.
Seams between tiles should not be clogged with mortar, this will reduce the aesthetic appeal of the cladding.Your oven can be sized so that it does notit will be possible to completely lay out the whole tile, in some places it is necessary to use pieces of tile, they are laid out in the last turn. After the oven is completely lined, it must be thoroughly cleaned of the remnants of the solution.
Tip 5: How to improve the stove
The stove is an indispensable thing in the village. It will warm and nourish, even cure: on it you can warm up the joints and clean the cold. But I want the furnace to become better, more beautiful. For this, it can be revetted. Suitable ceramic tiles.
You will need
- Clay, cement, sand, tile, level, spatula, crosses for tiles.
First, find and prepare the clay: Only on it it is possible to fix a tile on the furnace. Clay should be not too dry and not particularly greasy. Found? Put the clay in the basin and soak for three days. Then put on rubber boots. Stand in the pelvis and carefully stir the clay. There should not be a single lump in it. If the clay is too greasy, add a little sand to it. It will take a long time to work out. You need to get something like sour cream or a liquid dough.
Now we need to prepare the surfacestove. Thoroughly clean it from all contaminants, including paint, if the oven was previously painted. If the paint can not be removed, a wire net with small cells must be put on the surface of the stove. The grid is fixed in the seams using self-tapping screws, and when it's time to lay the tile, it is covered with a sand-cement-clay mortar. Masonry stitches must also be prepared by cutting to a depth of about 10 mm.
Now you can put a tile. Start from the bottom and go up. Cement-clay mortar is applied to the tile with a spatula with rectangular teeth. Then, strongly press each tile to the stove with your hands and tap. In order for the gaps to be even, between the tiles it is necessary to put crosses from plastic - two on the vertical and two on the horizontal side. After all the tiles are laid, it is necessary to wipe it, and after 3 days, seal the intertile stitches with cement.