Tip 1: How to trim a Kalanchoe
Tip 1: How to trim a Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe - a very beautiful and useful plant thatoccurs in every second house. It not only often and luxuriantly blossoms, pleasing its owners, but it can be useful in the treatment of various diseases, for example, in the rhinitis and diseases of the ears, skin diseases. To the flower does not grow and not stretched, and was neatly rounded, it is necessary to trim the Kalanchoe in time.
You will need
- - Kalanchoe;
- - A sharp knife or blade.
First of all, determine the type of your Kalanchoe,because different varieties have different treatment for pruning. The usual Kalanchoe of Blossfeld, blooming in red, can be dived without any restrictions. Even if you leave only one stump, after a while he will start sprouting and zakudryavitsya. To care for rare hybrids with yellow, pink, white flowers, be more cautious, they may even die as a result of improper pruning.
If the plant has outgrown (this often occurs insunny places), has lost its compact form, and an ugly, feeble top has formed, remove it. After each flowering, cut off all the peduncles. To form buds, put the plant on a dark window sill (you can even cover the flower for the night with a bucket or box) and keep it almost without watering for a month. Then move to a bright place and start watering, this regime change favorably affects the Kalanchoe, and it almost certainly will blossom.
To the Kalanchoe grew a dense bush,carefully observe the shoots. As soon as they begin to grow, pinches them on the top two sheets. In the place of pinches, after a while, two shoots will appear, let them grow until the third pair of leaves appear, and cut them at this level. Wait for the appearance of two more shoots and the third pair of leaves, again prishchipku. Do this way until a neat, dense bush is formed of a round (or desired) shape.
Last time cut off the Kalanchoe shoots in November(on the southern window) or in winter (on the west or east window). Please note that in winter it is desirable to keep the Kalanchoe in a cool place, the optimum temperature is 10-15? C.
You can either reproduce the Kalanchoe or simply update it.cuttings. To do this, cut the young shoots from 10 to 15 cm long with a sharp blade or knife. Remove the leaves from the bottom of the cut, dry for 1-2 days. Prepare a place for a flower in a pot with a mixture of sand and wet peat. Place the stalk at a depth of about 5 cm, ground around well. Do not close the cut with polyethylene or a jar, or spray with water. Just water it moderately and keep it at a temperature of 20-25? C.
Tip 2: How to water a Kalanchoe
It is believed that Kalanchoe in the house creates a calm and healthy atmosphere. This plant, which has a relatively small height, no more than 0.5 m, is ideal for growing at home. It does not require special care, so it grows well even among those who do not know how to take care of flowers.
Kalanchoe grows in South Africa andMadagascar, the soil prefers sandy soil. This plant does not like too much moisture, it is accustomed to the evolution to severe arid conditions, so do not fill it with water too much, otherwise the roots can be rotten.
In addition to complying with irrigation rules for Kalanchoe the composition of the soil is of great importance. This plant requires a loose earth, freely flowing air and water. To do this, make sure that the soil contains little peat, since it interferes with its ventilation. Kalanchoe in a peat environment rot and die.
To water a flower it is necessary rarely, it is quiettransfers the situation when the earth dries almost completely. He is much worse in constantly wet soil. The air also likes to dry. When you see that the top layers of the earth have dried up sufficiently, then water the plant.
In the winter Kalanchoe you need to water a little less often than in the summer. And in the spring for him and it is generally recommended to arrange a short rest period, completely without watering.
To give the plant a break, at the very beginning of spring, as soon as Kalanchoe blossom, cut off all the stems, then put the pot in a shaded place. A couple of months, do not water it, preferably also keep it at a temperature of about 15 degrees Celsius.
After a month or two after the start of the holiday, get out Kalanchoe from a secluded place, put it back on the sunny windowsill. Now it can be watered in the same way as always.
In summer, instead of watering, it is useful to arrange fertilizing the plant from time to time. Liquid mineral fertilizers, which can be purchased at gardening stores, will only benefit him.
Tip 3: How to grow a Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe Is a plant of the Tolstyan family. In this genus there are more than two hundred species. The most popular among the florists are the Kalanchoe felt, Degremona (popularly called the "living doctor") and the beautifully blooming Kalanchoe of Blossfeld and Mangin.
Kalanchoe - The plant is not demanding. It grows well in a sunny place, it suffers direct sunlight. Although it can safely survive the lack of moisture, abundant watering yet loves.
The plant does not like the stagnation of water, so before planting, ensure it has good drainage. Soil mixture consists of leaf land, peat, sand and humus. Plant and transplant the Kalanchoe in the spring.
Propagate the plant with apical cuttings orseeds. Before planting the cuttings, dry for two days. Plant them in a moist substrate in peat or a mixture of sand and leaf land, put in a warm place. A container with cuttings should not be covered. In addition, until they take root, cut the cuttings very carefully, otherwise they can rot.
Seeds sow in the moist sand, cover with a film or glass and put this improvised hothouse in a bright place. Seedlings will appear in about one or two weeks.
The easiest way is to multiply the viviparous Kalanchoe of Degremon. His daughter plants, formed at the edges of the leaves, very easily take root and grow rapidly.
When the calanchoe reproduces by cuttings, the plant will blossom in ten months, and if it is propagated by seeds, then two months later.
Feed the Kalanchoe once a month with a special fertilizer for cacti and succulents. Leaves wipe with a damp cloth and occasionally spray. Water the plant abundantly every two weeks.
Kalanchoe - a flower of a short day. If you want to get a bloom in the winter, then you do not need to artificially shorten the light day, during this period the flowering is caused by its natural contraction. But to achieve flowering in the spring or summer, shade the plant from the sun's rays. The light day should not exceed nine hours. Also, make sure that the room temperature does not exceed twenty degrees.
Tip 4: How to care for Kalanchoe Calandiva
Among the florists there is an opinion that KalanchoeKalandiva - a flower for the lazy, because it is very easy to take care of. The plant can also tolerate too abundant watering, and their long absence, and other flaws in the care.
Features of Kalanchoe care KalandivaTo plant the flower pick up the pot a bitlarger diameter and volume, in the bottom of which there must be openings for water drainage. Pour a layer of drainage, although Kalanchoe and tolerably tolerate excess moisture, it is better if the pot does not stagnate.
Kalanchoe usually appears on sale at the end of winter - early spring is already blooming. It is not necessary to replace it immediately, it is better to wait for the flower to blossom, and then to carry out this procedure.Use soil for succulents and cacti or make it from 1 part of a turf ground and 1 part of a coarse sand. When transplantation of Kalanchoe shake the soil and rinse the roots so that they do not have a peat substrate in which the plants are planted in the greenhouses.
In the ground, you can also add small pebbles.Kalanchoe is required quite often, but notabundant watering after complete drying of the earth coma. Since the plant belongs to succulents, its leaves are able to accumulate moisture, so the Kalanchoe is able to withstand the drought, but try not to form a solid earthen cloud around the roots. In winter, the plant begins a period of rest, at which time it is necessary to reduce watering to 1 time in 1-2 weeks. The plant grows well at room temperature, can develop both at lower and higher. In the summer it can be taken out on a balcony, and in winter - in a cooler place with a temperature of 10-15 ° C.
How to form a Kalanchoe and make it bloomMany complain that after flowering, shootsKalanchoe stretches and re-flowering does not occur. Indeed, in the period of active growth, lateral shoots appear in the plant. They can and should be cut, giving the plant the desired and compact shape. The resulting cuttings are very easy to take root, and new young plants can be given to all comers. During flowering, remove all the wilted flowers. And after its end, cut out the flower stem completely. After the first flowering Kalanchoe Kalandiva requires a rest period (usually the autumn months). In November, shoot all shoots, flower buds will begin to be laid on them, and for their appearance a short light day is needed. This condition can be created and artificially, but the plant also needs bright sunlight for 8 hours.
Tip 5: How to make a Kalanchoe bloom
Artificially to force Kalanchoe Bloom is impossible: Even the most experienced florist will not be able to deceive the nature, which for everything determines its term. However, everyone is able to take care of the most favorable conditions for flowering. It is enough to observe only a few simple rules.
Create a Kalanchoe favorable conditions. Careful care, regular watering - the guarantee of health of any plant. Kalanchoe does not like too much water. Water it should be about once a week as the soil dries. It is necessary to transplant the Kalanchoe at least once a year in autumn or spring. Particular attention is required and the soil: it must be well drained. Do not forget at the same time that excessive care and "overfeeding" with organic fertilizers or a mixture of mineral salts only slows the development of the flower. Especially trembling attitude requires Kalanchoe, which just picked up the buds. At this time, it is better not to move the pot, do not turn it to the light by the other side and do not feed fertilizer. Trust nature to do its work.
Provide the plant a short light day. To bloom, the Kalanchoe must be in the dark for no less than 8-12 hours. Thus, at night it is better to hide the flower in the closet, and in the morning put back on the windowsill. This method is not ideal, because flowers do not like too much when they are often moved. Replace the cabinet can made from a black paper cap, which should close the plant. This stimulates the Kalanchoe to form buds.
Make sure that the flower is getting enoughThe influx of fresh air. In summer, put a pot near an open window, leaving it outdoors day and night. Evening temperature drop has a favorable "hardening" effect on plants. Fresh air prevents the appearance of disease in Kalanchoe and accelerates flowering.
Shortly cut the bush after flowering. Cuttings can be rooted. Wait for a few shoots and pinch each one on the fourth sheet. A few months before the expected flowering, take the flower pot to a dark place and provide meager watering. Again returning the plant to the light, simultaneously start watering it more actively. Combine this with a little extra dressing.
Periodically rejuvenate the Kalanchoe. The apical shoots are best rooted, which should be placed in the water until the roots appear, then transplanted into the ground. It is necessary to pinch the cuttings from time to time.
Tip 6: What does the Kalanchoe look like?
The birthplace of Kalanchoe - Africa and Madagascar. The plant belongs to the Tolstoyan family, it has fleshy leaves that are capable of storing moisture, like other succulents. However, among fans of indoor floriculture Kalanchoe is popular not only for decorative foliage, it is a beautiful plant with attractive flowers that blossom in winter. And some species to everything else also have medicinal properties.
Kalanchoe of BlossfeldThe most widespread form in culture -Kalanchoe of Blossfeld. This plant with branching stems and elongated rounded fleshy leaves. Its size is small, in diameter and in height Kalanchoe of Blossfield reaches only 30 cm. Among flower growers it is especially appreciated for beautiful flowering. Small terry flowers of red, yellow or orange are collected in inflorescences, which crown the stem of the plant.
Kalanchoe KalandivaKalanchoe Kalandhiva is a hybrid of KalanchoeBlossfeld. The flowering of this species is much longer (up to six months) and more abundant. The cap of small bright double flowers covers the plant also in winter, provided it is properly maintained. To achieve a repeated flowering, it is necessary to form a bush. Cut the stretched shoots immediately after the plant has blossomed. They can be rooted in the water and get new copies.
Kalanchoe DaigremontThe unusual plant Kalanchoe Daigremont is"Viviparous" succulent. It has a straight, non-branching stem, covered with elongated leaves of triangular shape with denticles at the edges. On each of these prongs a new tiny plant grows (a so-called brood kidney) with leaves and air roots. It's easy to multiply the Kalanchoe of Daigremont, thanks to these daughter plants, it is enough to separate the kidney and place it on the surface of the substrate. Succulent will soon take root and begin to grow.
Kalanchoe MangusExternally Kalanchoe Mangus resembles Daigremont,The difference between these species is that the latter blooms in the beginning of spring with small flowers. After the flowering period, shoots should be shortened. Succulent will very quickly increase the green mass and continue to develop.
Kalanchoe splitUnusual foliage in Kalanchoe dissected, as inother species it is juicy and fleshy, but they are severely dissected, due to what in the people this kind of Kalanchoe is called "deer horns". With age, it becomes more decorative.
Calanchoe tubular flowerIn nature, this species lives on the island of Madagascar. It is a half-shrub in height reaching 70 cm. It has elongated long leaves with a lot of brood buds. The plant blooms abundantly. The flowers are rather large, tubular in shape. In addition, they have a huge variety of color shades from white to purple and dark purple.
Tip 7: Proper care for Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe - a fairly unpretentious flower, so it is decided to have on its windowsills many. In addition, it is a useful plant. He was nicknamed a doctor for various diseases.
The plant has fleshy and thick leaves. Kalanchoe came to us from the subtropics and the tropics. Two types of calanchoe are suitable for growing in the home: pinnate and degremona.
Care for Kalanchoe
This flower loves bright light, so it's better than himto place on the southern window. The plant does not need constant temperature compliance, drops of 17-25 degrees will not be scary. In the winter, the Kalanchoe perfectly experiences the dryness of the air, for him this is not a hindrance. Home flower Kalanchoe has a huge number of species of inflorescences of different colors: from bright orange, red or lilac to tender white.
In order for the Kalanchoe to bloom, you need to create certain conditions:
1. A light day must be at least 12 hours. At the same temperature should be maintained at 15-18 degrees. Without enough light, you will not get large flowers with a bright color.
2. Even in winter, the flower does not need to be sprayed. As a top dressing, take complex mineral fertilizers. Fertilize in summer once a week, in winter - once a month.
3. If you want to achieve active development and growth of Kalanchoe, then take a tight pot. The soil must consist of a piece of leaf land and turf, it must contain sand and humus. The presence of wood ash for the activation of growth is allowed.
Reproduction of Kalanchoe
Reproduction of the plant occurs by children, seeds, cuttings.
In the case of children should be taken from an adultplants a little baby. Put it with the underside upwards and sprinkle with a prepared soil layer of about 1 cm. Watering is required every day in small portions. After a while, you can get from each baby several plants. Transplanting children is carried out together with an earthen lump.
Cuttings reproduce the plant in a similar wayway. Take a few cuttings when pruning plants from cut off stems, plant them in moist sand, wrap them around the film to accelerate rooting. Before replanting the cuttings on individual pots, prepare a qualitative drainage.
For reproduction, even fallen leaves are used! It is enough to put them in the sand, pour, pull the container with a film. It is better to carry out such manipulation in June. The same applies to seeds.
When the plant stops blooming, trim. Remove the withered branches, form the crown. After trimming a Kalanchoe, a rest period is required. Reduce the number of waterings, pick a darker place.
Leaves can begin to dry out, becomeyellow. If the lower leaves are yellow, this is a normal process. The yellowed middle tier is a sign of violation of the rules of care. Then pay special attention to watering: let the land between the watering completely dry. Stand for a week - drought is not terrible for a Kalanchoe, but waterlogging can be bad.
It is worth noting that periodically the plant needs to be updated, it will not be green forever.
The transplantation of a flowering Kalanchoe is highly undesirable, this procedure should be performed only after the end of flowering.
Transplant the Kalanchoe every spring. To do this, prepare the "right" soil: Mix part of the sod land with a piece of leaf and peat land, add a piece of sand and brick chips.
Pull out the old plant together with the ground. Operate carefully - do not damage the root system! Transplant the flower into the pot a little more.
Symptoms of plant disease
Although a plant and unpretentious, but from improper care, the plant can begin to suffer. There are several signs on which it can be determined that care for the Kalanchoe is wrong:
- Fallen leaves are a sign that the plant does not have enough nutrition;
- with juicy and healthy leaves there is no flowering - the reason lies in the lack of lighting;
- black spots on the leaves are a sign that the plant is experiencing an excess of moisture and a low temperature.
If you have taken the responsibility of caring forsuch a domestic plant, then remember the possible appearance of pests. Kalanchoe can suffer from mold if it is in a very humid and cold room. With excess heat and moisture, powdery mildew appears on the plant.
All this is easy to avoid, just create the plant specified conditions!
Tip 8: How to drip the Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe has long been known as an effective remedy againstcoryza. The advantage of the plant is its availability and the possibility of using even in young children. Cleansing the clogged nose, the Kalanchoe juice facilitates breathing and speeds up recovery.
To treat a cold in children up to a year, usedecoction of Kalanchoe. Finely cut 100 g of leaves and pour them half a liter of boiling water. Warm the liquid in a water bath for 20-30 minutes, then strain and cool the broth. Bury 1-2 drops in each nostril of the baby 2-3 times a day.
For the treatment of a common cold in children aged 1-1.5use diluted Kalanchoe juice. For its preparation, pass 50 g of leaves of the plant through a meat grinder. The resulting gruel wrap in a two-layer gauze and wring juice through it. Mix it with boiled water in different proportions. Bury 2 drops of the mixture in each nostril no more than 3-4 times a day.
For the treatment of a common cold in children aged 1.5-2use pure juice. Dampen the cotton swab in freshly prepared juice and gently rub her nostrils from the inside. Carry out the procedure carefully. If the child behaves uneasily, the probability of injury is high. The kid, with whom it is impossible to agree, it is better to drip diluted juice.
Children older than 2 years instill pure juiceKalanchoe. It is also suitable for the treatment of common cold in adults. Dosage for a baby under 3 years - 1 drop in each nostril 3 times a day, for a child 3-10 years - 2 drops three times a day. At an older age, drip 3-4 drops of 3 drops daily until complete recovery.
Before starting treatment with Kalanchoe,make sure that the plant is not allergic. To do this, drip a drop of juice on a cotton bud and gently lubricate the nostril from the inside. When there is swelling of the mucous membrane and lacrimation, take an antihistamine drug and refrain from treatment with this drug.